Two out of three patients receiving antidepressants do not meet the criteria for depression, according to a new study. The revelation, published in the Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, states what has long been suspected: that patients are misdiagnosed in clinical conditions such as major depressive disorder and obsessive-compulsive disorder.
“It is possible that many people who are prescribed anti-depressants do not meet the requirements for mental disorders at all. We all live through phases of stress, phases of sadness and phases of self-doubt. This does not make us insane yet, but these are things that make us human … Our data suggest that antidepressants are usually applied on the basis of the lack of clear, evidence-based signs. “
The DSM-V (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders) is very broad in its views on clinical depression. “In the US, official guidelines state that clinical depression should be diagnosed when a person has five or more symptoms of depression over a two-week period, during most of the day and almost every day.”  Shyness, restlessness and other human qualities, as well as resistance to authority (oppositional defiance), are also disturbances according to the DSM-V.
This reflects the current profit motive supported by the US Food and Drug Administration. The vigorous lobbying that the pharmaceutical giants carry out in relation to the medical profession and the decisions that are made due to poor information and are taken on behalf of otherwise healthy patients underline the seriousness of the problem.
 Takayanagi, Y, MD, PhD; Spira, A P, PhD; Bienvenu, O J, MD, PhD; Hock, R S, PhD; Carras, M C, BA; Eaton, W W, PhD; and Mojtabai, R, MD, PhD, MPH (2015). Antidepressant Use and Lifetime History of Mental Disorders in a Community Sample: Results From the Baltimore Epidemiologic Catchment Area Study. [The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry], see: http://www.psychiatrist.com/jcp/article/Pages/2015/v76n01/v76n0106.aspx
 Depression (major depressive disorder), see: http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/depression/expert-answers/clinical-depression/faq-20057770
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